National Bank of Romania - Regulation and Licensing Department
The provisions of the Draft Guidelines on Outsourcing arrangements under Directive 2013/36/EU are not sufficiently correlated with the requirements of PSD2 and EMD. According to PSD2 and EMD, the provision of payment services and the distribution/redemption of electronic money may be outsourced by payment institutions and electronic money institutions only to agents and distributors - explicitly regulated by the EU directives in terms of conditions to be met, responsibility of payment institutions/electronic money institutions and the relation with the competent authority.
In order not to alter the clarity of the rules already established in the mentioned directives, in our opinion, the Guidelines on Outsourcing arrangements under Directive 2013/36/EU should explicitly specify the fact that they are applicable to payment institutions/electronic money institutions only for the outsourcing of operational functions.
If it is decided that the draft guidelines should apply for one reason or another (case in which the arguments behind this decision should be disclosed) to the activity of providing payment services (distributing e-money) through agents (distributors), there is a need to further clarify the guidelines application in this area, taking into consideration the requirements already stipulated in PSD2 and EMD regarding agents and distributors (Article 19 of PSD2).
The guidelines in Section 10 need to be reviewed/corrected on the issue of sub-outsourcing of payment services/distributions of e-money. We emphasize the fact that providing suh a possibility in the Guidelines is contrary to the provisions of Directive 2015/2366/EU which statutes the “agent institution” with specific registration and transparency requirements (please see Article 14, Article 19, Article 20 of Directive 2015/2366/EU).