Are assets for which the investment firm provides account aggregation services (outside of the MiFID authorisation scope) to be included in the AUM calculation?
Investment firms that provide portfolio management or investment advice services need to obtain a license covering activities (4) and (5) of the Annex I, Section A of Directive 2014/65/EU (MiFID). These activities are included in the definition of ‘assets under management’ provided in Article 4(1)(27) of Regulation (EU) 2019/2033 (IFR) and in the definition of ‘investment advice of an ongoing nature’ provided in Article 4(1)(21) of the IFR.
Investment firms can provide account aggregation services, which do not require a MiFID license and are not included in the services and activities or ancillary services listed in Sections A and B of Annex I of MiFID. These services consist in the aggregation of the client’s wealth, retrieving data from other intermediaries (investment firms, credit institutions, assets management companies, etc.) and then presenting a single statement to the client. In most cases, the investment firm does not have the delegation to act on behalf of the client, and the mandate is limited to requesting data from other intermediaries.
Investment firms can also provide additional services to the mere aggregation of accounts, such as performance analysis, asset allocation advice and concierge services (where the investment firm actively supports the client in the execution of investment strategies at undertakings where the assets are managed).
Furthermore, investment firms may provide the account aggregation service only for part of the client’s assets, and additional services for the remaining part of the client’s wealth.
The following elements should be considered in addressing this question:
Against this background:
An investment firm may provide both ‘investment advice’ and ‘monitoring’ activities on a client’s asset, incurring in a single ‘asset under management’ (AUM) capital requirement, i.e., the K-factor is calculated only once.
However, when these activities are performed by different investment firms on the same assets of a single client, all investment firms involved should calculate the AUM on those assets. This would be the case if, for example, the assets are subject to advisory activities by an investment firm and monitored by a different investment firm. This case should not be considered as ‘double counting’ because, in case of monitoring of the client’s portfolios, the potential risk is a misrepresentation or an inaccurate aggregation of the portfolios, which is different from the risks that arise from providing portfolio management or ongoing advice.