In accordance with Articles 52(1)(r) and 63(p) of Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 (CRR), capital instruments shall qualify as AT1 or Tier 2 instruments when they are “not subject to set-off or netting arrangements that would undermine their capacity to absorb losses”. In addition, Article 72b(2)(f) CRR establishes the same provision for eligible liabilities by providing the following: “liabilities are not subject to set-off or netting arrangements that would undermine their capacity to absorb losses”.
Recital 26 CRR2 and EBA Q&A 2020_5146 clarify that “the absence of a clause to this end [i.e. excluding netting and set-off] does not – by itself – lead to the instruments having to be grandfathered and ultimately disqualified as AT1/T2 capital or eligible liabilities. The instrument concerned remains eligible, provided that it meets all eligibility criteria set out in Article 52, Article 63 or Article 72b CRR2, including the effective absence of set-off or netting arrangements that would undermine their capacity to absorb losses in resolution, as applicable”.
In this regard, it is noted that certain national laws provide under certain conditions statutory set-off or netting rights to the holder of the AT1, T2 or eligible liabilities instruments that would result into the instruments being subject to an effective set-off or netting arrangements that would undermine their capacity to absorb losses thereby leading to non-compliance with the eligibility criteria set out in Article 53(1)(r), Article 63(p) and Article 72b(2)(f) CRR2. However, it should also be noted that certain jurisdictions allow the inclusion of contractual clauses in the terms and conditions (T&Cs) governing the instruments that effectively waive the application of any statutory set-off or netting right of the holder which would protect the loss-absorbing capacity of the bank in practice.
This question has been rejected because the issue it raises is beyond the remit of the Q&A process and as such it cannot be addressed via a Q&A. See also the Report on the monitoring of Additional Tier 1 (AT1).
The Single Rule Book Q&A tool has been established to provide explanations and non-binding interpretations on questions relating to the practical application or implementation of the provisions of legislative acts referred to in Article 1(2) of the EBA’s founding Regulation, as well as associated delegated and implementing acts, and guidelines and recommendations, adopted under these legislative acts. The Q&A process cannot, for example, consider issues which would require changes to the regulatory framework.