Is it necessary to group and aggregate all separate client exposures from a single transaction with underlying credit risk to one exposure and, as such, treat this aggregated separate client as a single client exposure?
Assuming a transaction has underlying credit risk exposures to 10.000 different clients. The different client exposures are clearly separated but also anonymised by the originator. Assuming further, that the conditions in Article 6 No.2 (a) or (b) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014 are met, it is not entirely clear if the individual exposures would be treated as either 10.000 separate clients or grouped together to 1 separate client for this transaction.
Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014 sets out the methodology for the calculation of the exposure value of exposures to transactions with underlying assets, the procedure for determining the contribution of underlying exposures to overall exposures to clients and groups of connected clients, and, also, the conditions under which the structure of a transaction does not constitute an additional exposure. As a general principle, institutions are expected to identify all underlying exposures of transactions in which they invest. In case of underlying credit risk exposures, they are also expected to identify related obligors, so that such underlying credit risk exposures are taken into account when calculating the overall exposure to these obligors as individual clients or to groups of connected clients to which these obligors belong.
At the same time, where the exposure value to an underlying asset is sufficiently small to only contribute immaterially to the overall exposure to a certain client or group of connected clients, it should be sufficient to assign this exposure to the transaction as a separate client.
The immateriality condition will be fulfilled in instances where:
In both cases, the institution can assign the exposure to the transaction itself as a separate client, therefore limiting its exposure to that transaction. In such cases, there are no multiple separate clients but only one separate client representing the transaction itself.
If conditions in Article 6(2)(a) or (b) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014 are not met, the exposure to such underlying credit risk exposure shall be assigned to the unknown client (see Article 6(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014) and added to other exposures assigned to that hypothetical client.
In addition, where an institution is not able to distinguish between the underlying assets of a transaction, the institution needs to consider the amount of the investment in the transaction as a single exposure to be assigned to a separate client – provided that the condition in Article 6(3)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014 is fulfilled (the total value of the exposure of the transaction may not exceed 0,25% of the institution’s Tier 1 capital) or to the unknown client if condition in Article 6(3)(a) of said Regulation is not fulfilled (see Article 6(3)(b) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014).
In the given example of a transaction with 10.000 underlying assets provided that the conditions in Article 6(2)(a) or (b) of Regulation (EU) No 1187/2014 are met, the underlying exposure needs to be assigned to one separate client representing the transaction itself.