Question ID:
Legal Act:
Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)
Credit risk
175, 179
COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs/Recommendations:
Not applicable
Disclose name of institution / entity:
Type of submitter:
Credit institution
Subject Matter:
Use of the last available data for risk quantification sample and out-of-time validation sample

Given the requirements of articles 175(4)(b) and 179(1)(a) , in case of a model development, should the last available one-year snapshot be used for risk quantification purposes (i.e. for the computation of the Long-run average default rate) or be set aside for validation tests?

Background on the question:

Articles 179(1)(a) requires that “an institution's own estimates of the risk parameters PD, LGD, conversion factor and EL shall incorporate all relevant data, information and methods” on the other hand article 175(4)(b) requires out-of-time and out-of-sample performance tests for validating the model. While in the risk differentiation phase the presence of an out-of-time validation sample can be guaranteed, in the context of initial validation, it is not clear if the last available snapshot should be used for calibration purposes (i.e. should be part of both long run average default rate computation sample and calibration sample) or if it should be set aside for the out-of-time performance test. Moreover it is not clear whether a partial overlap of the validation and calibration sample would satisfy the requirement of article 175(4)(b).

Date of submission:
Published as Rejected Q&A
Rationale for rejection:

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Rejected question