Question ID:
Legal Act:
Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)
Credit risk
COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs/Recommendations:
Not applicable
Disclose name of institution / entity:
Type of submitter:
Competent authority
Subject Matter:
Off-balance sheet items and definition of default

Please confirm that indeed the off-balance sheet part of a facility (e.g. undrawn amount) or any other off-balance sheet items e.g. acceptances, guarantees, etc should not be categorised in the "in default" exposure class even if the customer is classified as "in default".

Background on the question:

Art.178 states that (excluding retail customers), if (a) the institution considers the obligor unlikely to pay its credit obligations to the institution, or any subsidiary or parent company, in full without recourse to actions such as realising security; or (b) the obligor is past-due more than 90 days on any material obligation to the institution, or any subsidiary or parent company, then all the exposures of that obligor should be classified as in default. However, from their nature (not yet materialised), off balance sheet items cannot be in default.

Date of submission:
Published as Final Q&A:
Final Answer:

Off-balance sheet items are treated like on-balance sheet exposures and therefore shall be risk-weighted as defaulted exposure in case of default according to Article 178 of Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 (CRR). The key difference between off-balance and on-balance exposures relates to the definition and calculation of the exposure value that needs to be risk-weighted. The definition and calculation of the exposure value of off-balance sheet items is detailed in Article 166 subparagraphs 8 to 10 (for the IRB approach) and Article 111(1)(for the Standardised approach) of the CRR.

Final Q&A
Answer prepared by:
Answer prepared by the EBA.
Note to Q&A:

Update 26.03.2021: This Q&A has been reviewed in the light of the changes introduced to Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR) and continues to be relevant.