03 February 2020
The European Banking Authority (EBA) issued a new benchmarking report on diversity practices in credit institutions and investment firms analysing the development since its 2015 diversity benchmarking exercise. Based on data as of September 2018, still many institutions, 41.61% out of 834, have not adopted a diversity policy. The representation of women in management bodies is still relatively low and many institutions do not have a gender diverse board. The EBA calls on institutions and Member States to consider additional measures for promoting a more balanced representation of both genders and on competent authorities to ensure institutions’ compliance with the requirement to adopt diversity policies.
More diverse management bodies can help improve decision-making regarding strategies and risk-taking by incorporating a broader range of views, opinions, experiences, perceptions, values and backgrounds. All institutions are required to adopt a policy promoting diversity within their management bodies. The issue of diversity is not limited to gender; it also concerns the age, professional and educational background, and geographical provenance of the members of the management body. Despite the legal requirements, a significant proportion of institutions have still not adopted a diversity policy and not all institutions that have adopted a diversity policy promote gender diversity by setting a target for the under-represented gender.
The gender representation in institutions’ management bodies continued to differ significantly between Member States. At EU-wide level, in 2018, two thirds (66.95%) of institutions had executive directors of only one gender. In nearly all such cases, the board was composed only of men. The situation in the largest institutions in each Member State (significant institutions) improved slightly but in 2018 was still not satisfactory as 50.63% of them (60.34% in 2015) had no female members of the management body in their management function. With regard to the supervisory function, 70.78% of institutions have non-executive directors of both genders.
The overall representation of women in management bodies in their management function has improved slightly, reaching 15.13% in 2018 (2015, 13.63%), and their representation in management bodies in their supervisory function has improved significantly, reaching 24.02% (18.90% in 2015).
The EBA analysed whether there was in 2018 a correlation between the profitability of a credit institution and the composition of the executive directors within the management body Credit institutions that have executive directors of both genders seem to have a higher probability of a return on equity (ROE) at or above the average of 6.42% than credit institutions with executive directors of only one gender. While 54.70% of the credit institutions with more gender-balanced management bodies in their management function have an ROE at or above 6.42%, only 40.69% of those with executive directors of just one gender reach that ROE level. Moreover, the average ROE for institutions with gender-diverse management functions is above the average for other institutions (7.28% versus 5.95% respectively).
The EBA also collected data on remuneration for the management body to establish if there is a gender pay gap. In most institutions, the remuneration of male members of the management body is higher than that for female members. This can partly be explained by the fact that only 8.53% of chief executive officers (CEOs) and 9.49% of chairpersons are female, and higher remuneration is usually paid for those functions. However, the different roles alone cannot explain the observed differences in pay.
This report has been developed in line with Article 91 (11) of Directive 2013/36/EC which requires Competent Authorities to collect the information disclosed on the diversity policy, and the extent to which these objectives and targets have been achieved in accordance with Article 435(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 and shall use it to benchmark diversity practices. Competent Authorities shall provide the EBA with this information, which shall be used to benchmark diversity practices at European Union (EU) level.
Under the amended Directive 2013/36/EU, the EBA is mandated to benchmark gender-neutral remuneration practices, and it will carry out further work in this area. The EBA will continue to monitor diversity in management bodies and issue periodical benchmark studies on diversity.