Question ID:
Legal Act:
Directive 2014/59/EU (BRRD)
Write-down and conversion of capital instruments
COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs/Recommendations:
Not applicable
Disclose name of institution / entity:
Type of submitter:
Competent authority
Subject Matter:
Compensation in Article 60(2)(c)

How should the use of the wording “compensation” in Article 60(2)(c) of Directive 2014/59/EU (BRRD) be interpreted?

Background on the question:

According to Article 60 (2) (c) of Directive 2014/59/EU (BRRD), “no compensation is paid to any holder of the relevant capital instruments other than in accordance with paragraph 3”.

It not clear what exactly the use of that wording means in this particular context.

Date of submission:
Published as Final Q&A:
Final Answer:

The word “compensation” in Article 60(2)(c) BRRD should be understood in a broad sense, indicating any sort of remedy or relief awarded to the holder of the affected instrument or liability in recognition of the write-down imposed on them. The provisions prevents written-down capital instrument- or eligible liability-holders from obtaining something in exchange for their written-down capital instrument or eligible liability, unless a partial write-down is performed in combination with a conversion. In the latter case, the only form of relief that capital instrument - or eligible liability -holders are entitled to benefit from is the conversion into Common Equity Tier 1 instruments of the part of their capital instruments or eligible liabilities that has not been written-down.

The above is without prejudice to the entitlement of the holders of these instruments and liabilities to the difference between the losses they did incur and the (fewer) losses they would have incurred in normal insolvency proceedings, pursuant to the 3rd subparagraph of Article 59(1) and Article 75 BRRD.


The answers clarify provisions already contained in the applicable legislation. They do not extend in any way the rights and obligations deriving from such legislation nor do they introduce any additional requirements for the concerned operators and competent authorities. The answers are merely intended to assist natural or legal persons, including competent authorities and Union institutions and bodies in clarifying the application or implementation of the relevant legal provisions. Only the Court of Justice of the European Union is competent to authoritatively interpret Union law. The views expressed in the internal Commission Decision cannot prejudge the position that the European Commission might take before the Union and national courts.

Final Q&A
Answer prepared by:
Answer prepared by the European Commission because it is a matter of interpretation of Union law.