List of Q&As

Treatment of cured defaulted exposures

For the treatment of cured defaulted exposures, a probation period of 90 days with no default triggers must apply before the exposure is moved back to a non-defaulted status. According to Article 178(1)(b CRR) default shall be considered to have occurred with regard to a particular obligor when the obligor is more than 90 days past due on any material credit obligation. However, if the material arrears fall below the thresholds, the arrears counter will reset to 0. Should the probation period of 90 days with no default triggers apply before the exposure is moved back to a non-defaulted status?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: EBA/GL/2016/07 - Guidelines on the application of the definition of default under Article 178 CRR

ID: 2021_5754 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 22/02/2021

Look-through application under IRB approach

When an institution applies the look-through approach to units or shares of Collective Investment Undertaking (CIU) under the IRB approach and where the institution is allowed to use IRB advanced approach for the underlying credit exposures of the CIU in accordance with Article 148 CRR, can the institution still use the standard approach for those underlying exposures of which obligors are not internally rated and/or for which the information required for own LGD estimation are not available to the institution?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2021_5712 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 02/02/2021

Calculation of the collateral value of immovable property considering minimum level of over-collateralisation ratio

Should the haircut due to minimum level of over-collateralisation be reflected in the calculation of collateral value with or without the deducted prior claims? Besides market value or mortgage lending value is there any other value that could be considered for the calculation purposes?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2021_5685 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 13/01/2021

Treatment of third country covered bonds under IRB Approach

Which LGD should be applied for third country covered bonds (issued under a dedicated legal framework) which are not eligible for the same LGD as UCITS 52(4)?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5522 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 30/09/2020

Applicability of the Guidelines of the Committee of European Banking Supervisors on Article 106(2)(c) and (d) of Directive 2006/48/EC (CRD)

Are the implementation guidelines on Article 106(2)(c) and (d) of Directive 2006/48/EC (CRD) of the Committee of European Banking Supervisors applicable for interpreting Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 as amended by Regulation (EU) 2019/876?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5340 | Topic: Large exposures | Date of submission: 30/06/2020

Use of the “maturity of the tranche” (MT) as defined in Article 257 CRR as the “residual maturity” for purposes of the volatility adjustments for securitisation positions under Table 1 of Article 224(1) CRR.

Where collateral takes the form of securitisation positions meeting the criteria in Article 197(1)(h) CRR, can the institution use the “weighted average maturity” (WAM) as defined in Article 257 CRR as the “residual maturity” for purposes of the volatility adjustments set out in Table 1 of Article 224(1) CRR?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5211 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 16/04/2020

Use of short-term credit assessments with Article 120(2) CRR

May short-term issuer or issue ratings be used to assign risk weights in the general preferential treatment for short term exposures of article 120(2) CRR?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2019_4942 | Topic: Credit risk | Date of submission: 10/10/2019

Synthetic securitisatios

Can ‘vendor financing’ constitute a synthetic securitisation?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) 2017/2402 (SecReg)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5454 | Topic: Provisions applicable to all securitisations | Date of submission: 18/08/2020

Scope of “additional registrations” as obstacles in the sense of Article 32(3) Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/389

Is a process that requires Third Party Providers (TPPs) to upload an electronic IDentification, Authentication and trust Services (eIDAS) certificate for receiving additional client credentials before first access to a payment account provided by an Account Servicing Payment Service Provider (ASPSP) to be considered an “additional registration” and therefore an obstacle?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Regulation (EU) 2018/389 - RTS on strong customer authentication and secure communication

ID: 2021_6029 | Topic: Strong customer authentication and common and secure communication (incl. access) | Date of submission: 04/06/2021

Definition of participation for the purposes of Article 18(7) CRR

In the context of Article 18(7) CRR, where an institutions holds a participation in another undertaking that is not an institution, financial institution or ancillary services undertaking, shall the default treatment for this participation be the equity method or shall the valuation be affected in accordance with the applicable accounting framework (Article 24(1) CRR), if that would result in a different measurement base?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5590 | Topic: Other issues | Date of submission: 30/10/2020

Scope of applicability of the required method of prudential consolidation under the Article 18(7) CRR

Is Article 18(7) CRR applicable for the calculation of prudential requirements at the individual level of that institution?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5578 | Topic: Other issues | Date of submission: 22/10/2020

The implementation of commercial agent exclusion for B2C e-commerce platforms

In what situation a business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce platform can be subjected to the exclusion foreseen in Article 3 (b) from PSD2?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5355 | Topic: Other topics | Date of submission: 06/07/2020

Exclusion from scope - article 3.2 f

1° Can a credit agreement, which relates to the deferred payment of the agreements mentioned in Article 3(1)(b) be excluded from the scope of the Directive - given that it is not secured by a mortgage? Are there any other reasons that justify this exclusion and therefore this difference in treatment? 2° When a mortgage credit agreement secured by a mortgage which relates to a deferred payment, free of charge, is granted, all the pre-contractual obligations mentioned by the Directive, as well as the obligation to carry out a creditworthiness assessment and to provide advice on the annual percentage rate of charge (APRC) must be fulfilled. When an assignee grants a deferred payment, which relates to a mortgage credit agreement secured by a mortgage after the security has been enforced, can you consider that they are granting a deferred payment, which is a consumer credit (excluded from the scope of Directive 2008/48 by Article 2(2)(j)). 3°Should any granted deferred payment which relates to a mortgage credit agreement secured by a mortgage be subject to the provisions of the Directive? Is this correct in all cases in which this deferred payment is granted, whether by an assignee of a debt or by a third party such as a bailiff? Should the bailiff or assignee granting such a deferred payment then comply with all the pre-contractual obligations, the obligations to provide guidance, assess creditworthiness and the ability to repay and apply an APRC? *** FR 1° Pouvons-nous considérer que, l’exclusion du champ d’application de la directive d’un contrat de crédit lié au délai de paiement des contrats visés à l’article 3.1.b), est justifiée en raison de l’absence de la garantie hypothécaire qui l’accompagne ? Est-ce cette seule spécificité qui justifie l’exclusion de ce type contrat de crédit hypothécaire, qui est également un contrat réglementé au même titre qu’un contrat de crédit hypothécaire avec une garantie hypothécaire ? 2° Lorsque le contrat de crédit hypothécaire garanti par une sûreté hypothécaire lié à un délai de paiement, sans frais, est accordé, il doit alors y avoir respect de toutes les obligations précontractuelles visées par la directive ainsi que l’obligation de l’évaluation de la solvabilité, TAEG obligation de conseil … 3° Devons-nous considérer que tout délai de paiement lié à un contrat de crédit hypothécaire garanti par une sureté hypothécaire qui est accordé est soumis aux dispositions de la directive ? Et ce dans tous les cas où ce délai de paiement est accordé, que ce soit par un cessionnaire de la créance ou par un tiers comme un huissier de justice ? L’huissier de justice ou le cessionnaire qui accorde un tel délai de paiement devrait alors respecter toutes les obligations précontractuelles, les obligations de conseil, l’analyse de la solvabilité et de la capacité de remboursement et appliquer un TAEG ?

Legal act: Directive 2014/17/EU (MCD)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5480 | Topic: Other topics | Date of submission: 07/09/2020

Tied credit intermediary that represents a number of creditors or groups which does not represent the majority of the market

What type of criteria should a tied credit intermediary abide to in order not to go beyond the legal limit of “the majority of the market” when establishing relationships with creditors? How should this majority be calculated and how many times do intermediaries need to update this information in order to remain compliant?

Legal act: Directive 2014/17/EU (MCD)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2019_5002 | Topic: Passporting of mortgage credit intermediaries | Date of submission: 14/11/2019

Eligibility of minority interests

When it comes to subsidiaries which are institutions or investments firms established in third countries, are minority interests eligible for the purpose of their recognition in prudential own funds as per Article 81 (for CET1) or Article 82 (for AT1 and T2)?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2021_5711 | Topic: Own funds | Date of submission: 02/02/2021

Revocation of future dated Payment Initiation Services (PIS) payments

Is the Bank (an ‘Account Servicing Payment Service Provider’(ASPSP)) prohibited under PSD2 from acting on the following unsolicited customer instruction:- Customer asks their Bank to cancel a future-dated payment, or a series of recurring future-dated payments - where the original consent for the payment(s) was given by the customer to a Payment Initiation Services Provider (PISP).In this scenario, is the Bank required to advise the customer that the Bank cannot accept the customer’s instruction to revoke these future payments; and that only a revocation instruction received via the PISP can be accepted by the Bank?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2019_4496 | Topic: Strong customer authentication and common and secure communication (incl. access) | Date of submission: 31/01/2019

Relevance of third country capital requirements for the calculation of minority interests amounts of a subsidiary to be included at the consolidated leve

When applying Article 84(1), point (a), of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR) in respect of subsidiary institutions in third countries, should the excess capital attributable to minorities be determined by applying, namely in subparagraph (i), the provisions and requirements of CRR, together with any additional local requirements, to the extent these have to be met with CET1 capital?

Legal act: Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 (CRR)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2019_4775 | Topic: Own funds | Date of submission: 12/06/2019

The implementation of commercial agent exclusion for e-commerce platforms

Should the settlement of the debt by an e-commerce platform be considered a sufficient reason to exclude the e-commerce platform from the scope of PSD2 or an indispensable requirement for a commercial agent mandate?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5354 | Topic: Other topics | Date of submission: 06/07/2020

Consumer explicit consent to the PISP for processing of personal data

Can the presentation by the consumer of its identification data to the merchant (e.g. CustomerID and IBAN through a QR code read by the Point of Interaction (POI)) be interpreted as the consumer providing explicit consent via the merchant to the usage of this data by a Payment Initiation Service Provider (PISP) that has a contractual relationship with the merchant (but not with the consumer) for the processing of data that will enable the initiation of a single (instant) credit transfer with the consumer’s Account Servicing Payment Service Provider (ASPSP), subject to sufficient information about this PISP made available beforehand to the consumer (in accordance with Articles 44 and 45 of PSD2)? Or is the explicit consent of the consumer to the PISP required by way of contract, as mentioned in section 3.2.1 of the EDPB Guidelines 06/2020 on the interplay of Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2) and the GDPR?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5570 | Topic: Other topics | Date of submission: 20/10/2020

Information to be provided by the PISP to the payer prior to the initiation of the transaction

Is it sufficient that the merchant makes available upon request by the payer (consumer) the information about the Payment Initiation Service Provider (PISP) in the Point of Interaction (POI) environment before the consumer presents their data (e.g., via a QR code) to meet the requirements of Articles 44 and 45, (2), PSD2?

Legal act: Directive 2015/2366/EU (PSD2)

COM Delegated or Implementing Acts/RTS/ITS/GLs: Not applicable

ID: 2020_5573 | Topic: Other topics | Date of submission: 20/10/2020