1. Capital requirements for credit risk on exposures to SMEs shall be multiplied by the factor 0,7619.
2. For the purpose of this Article:
(a) the exposure shall be included either in the retail or in the corporates or secured by mortgages on immovable property classes. Exposures in default shall be excluded;
(b) an SME is defined in accordance with Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises1. Among the criteria listed in Article 2 of the Annex to that Recommendation only the annual turnover shall be taken into account;
(c) the total amount owed to the institution and parent undertakings and its subsidiaries, including any exposure in default, by the obligor client or group of connected clients, but excluding claims or contingent claims secured on residential property collateral, shall not, to the knowledge of the institution, exceed EUR 1,5 million. The institution shall take reasonable steps to acquire such knowledge.
3. Institutions shall report to competent authorities every three months on the total amount of exposures to SMEs calculated in accordance with paragraph 2.
4. The Commission shall, by 28 June 2016, report on the impact of the own funds requirements laid down in this Regulation on lending to SMEs and natural persons and shall submit that report to the European Parliament and to the Council, together with a legislative proposal, if appropriate.
5. For the purpose of paragraph 4, EBA shall report on the following to the Commission:
(a) an analysis of the evolution of the lending trends and conditions for SMEs over the period referred to in paragraph 4;
(b) an analysis of effective riskiness of Union SMEs over a full economic cycle;
(c) the consistency of own funds requirements laid down in this Regulation for credit risk on exposures to SMEs with the outcomes of the analysis under points (a) and (b).
1 OJ L 124, 20.5.2003, p. 36.