Article 2

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Article 2
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1.    This Directive shall apply to institutions.

2.    Article 30 shall apply to local firms.

3.    Article 31 shall apply to the firms referred to in point (2)(c) of Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013.

4.    Article 34 and Title VII, Chapter 3 shall apply to financial holding companies, mixed financial holding companies and mixed-activity holding companies which have their head offices in the Union;

5.    This Directive shall not apply to the following:

(1)    access to the activity of investment firms in so far as it is regulated by Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (1);

(2)    central banks;

(3)    post office giro institutions;

(4)    in Denmark, the ‘Eksport Kredit Fonden’, the ‘Eksport Kredit Fonden A/S’, the ‘Danmarks Skibskredit A/S’ and the ‘Kom­ muneKredit’;

(5)    in Germany, the ‘Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau’, ‘Landwirts­ chaftliche Rentenbank’, ‘Bremer Aufbau-Bank GmbH’, ‘Hambur­ gische Investitions- und Förderbank’, ‘Investitionsbank Berlin’, ‘Investitionsbank des Landes Brandenburg’, ‘Investitionsbank Schleswig-Holstein’, ‘Investitions- und Förderbank Niedersachsen
– NBank’, ‘Investitions- und Strukturbank Rheinland-Pfalz’, ‘Landeskreditbank Baden-Württemberg – Förderbank’, ‘LfA Förderbank Bayern’, ‘NRW.BANK’, ‘Saarländische Investitionsk­ reditbank AG’, ‘Sächsische Aufbaubank – Förderbank’, ‘Thüringer Aufbaubank’, undertakings which are recognised under the ‘Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeitsgesetz’ as bodies of State housing policy and are not mainly engaged in banking transactions, and undertakings recognised under that law as non-profit housing undertakings;

(6)    in Estonia, the ‘hoiu-laenuühistud’, as  cooperative  undertakings that are recognised under the ‘hoiu-laenuühistu seadus’;

(7)    in Ireland, the Strategic Banking Corporation of Ireland, credit unions and friendly societies;

(8)    in Greece, the ‘Ταμείο Παρακαταθηκών και Δανείων’ (Tamio Parakatathikon kai Danion);

(9)    in Spain, the ‘Instituto de Crédito Oficial’;

(10)    in France, the ‘Caisse des dépôts et consignations’;

(11)    in Croatia, the ‘kreditne unije’ and the ‘Hrvatska banka za obnovu i razvitak’;

(12)    in Italy, the ‘Cassa depositi e prestiti’;

(13)    in Latvia, the ‘krājaizdevu sabiedrības’, undertakings that are recognised under the ‘krājaizdevu sabiedrību likums’  as cooperative undertakings rendering financial services solely to their members;

(14)    in Lithuania, the ‘kredito unijos’ other than the ‘centrinės kredito unijos’;

(15)    in Hungary, the ‘MFB Magyar Fejlesztési Bank Zártkörűen Működő Részvénytársaság’ and the ‘Magyar Export-Import Bank Zártkörűen Működő Részvénytársaság’;

(16)    in Malta, ‘The Malta Development Bank’;

(17)    in the Netherlands, the ‘Nederlandse Investeringsbank voor Ontwikkelingslanden NV’, the ‘NV Noordelijke Ontwikkeling­ smaatschappij’, the  ‘NV  Limburgs  Instituut  voor  Ontwikkeling en Financiering’, the ‘Ontwikkelingsmaatschappij Oost-Nederland NV’ and kredietunies;

(18)    in Austria, undertakings recognised as housing associations in the public interest and the ‘Österreichische Kontrollbank AG’;

(19)    in Poland, the ‘Spółdzielcze Kasy Oszczędnościowo  — Kredytowe’ and the ‘Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego’;

(20)    in Portugal, the ‘Caixas Económicas’ existing on 1 January 1986 with the exception of those incorporated as limited companies and of the ‘Caixa Económica Montepio Geral’;

(21)    in Slovenia, the ‘SID-Slovenska izvozna in razvojna banka, d.d. Ljubljana’;

(22)    in Finland, the ‘Teollisen yhteistyön rahasto Oy/Fonden för indus­ triellt samarbete AB’, and the ‘Finnvera Oyj/Finnvera Abp’;
(23)    in Sweden, the ‘Svenska Skeppshypotekskassan’;

(24)    in the United Kingdom, National Savings and Investments (NS&I), CDC Group plc, the Agricultural Mortgage Corporation Ltd, the Crown Agents for overseas governments and administrations, credit unions and municipal banks.

6.    The entities referred to in point (1) and points (3) to (24) of paragraph 5 of this Article shall be treated as financial institutions for the purposes of Article 34 and Chapter 3 of Title VII.


(1) Directive 2014/65/EU of the  European  Parliament  and  of  the  Council  of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments and amending Directive 2002/92/EC and Directive 2011/61/EU (OJ L 173, 12.6.2014, p. 349).