Article 47b

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Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) > PART TWO > TITLE I > CHAPTER 2 > Section 3 > Sub-Section 1 > Article 47b
Title:
Article 47b
Description: 
Forbearance measures
Main content: 

1.  Forbearance measure is a concession by an institution towards an obligor that is experiencing or is likely to experience difficulties in meeting its financial commitments. A concession may entail a loss for the lender and shall refer to either of the following actions:

(a)    a modification of the terms and conditions of a debt obligation, where such modification would not have been granted had the obligor not experienced difficulties in meeting its financial commitments;

(b)    a total or partial refinancing of a debt obligation, where such refinancing would not have been granted had the obligor not experienced difficulties in meeting its financial commitments.

2.  At least the following situations shall be considered forbearance measures:

(a)    new contract terms are more favourable to the obligor than the previous contract terms, where the obligor is experiencing or is likely to experience difficulties in meeting its financial commitments;

(b)    new contract terms are more favourable to the obligor than contract terms offered by the same institution to obligors with a similar risk profile at that time, where the obligor is experiencing or is likely to experience difficulties in meeting its financial commitments;

(c)    the exposure under the initial contract terms was classified as non-performing before the modification to the contract terms or would have been classified as non-performing in the absence of modification to the contract terms;

(d)    the measure results in a total or partial cancellation of the debt obligation;

(e)    the institution approves the exercise of clauses that enable the obligor to modify the terms of the contract and the exposure was  classified as non-performing before the exercise of those clauses, or would be classified as non-performing were those clauses not exercised;

(f)    at or close to the time of the granting of debt, the obligor made payments of principal or interest on another debt obligation with the same institution, which was classified as a non-performing exposure or would have been classified as non-performing in the absence of those payments;

(g)    the modification to the contract terms involves repayments made by taking possession of collateral, where such modification constitutes a concession.

3.  The following circumstances are indicators that forbearance measures may have been adopted:

(a)    the initial contract was past due by more than 30 days at least once during the three months prior to its modification or would be more than 30 days past due without modification;

(b)    at or close to the time of concluding the credit agreement, the obligor made payments of principal or interest on another debt obligation with the same institution that was past due by 30 days at least once during the three months prior to the granting of new debt;

(c)    the institution approves the exercise of clauses that enable the obligor to change the terms of the contract, and the exposure is 30 days past due or would be 30 days past due were those clauses not exercised.

4.  For the purposes of this Article, the difficulties experienced by an obligor in meeting its financial commitments shall be assessed at obligor level, taking into account all the legal entities in the obligor's group which are included in the accounting consolidation of the group, and natural persons who control that group.